Masking the Struggle for Blair Mountain in 1921 – Enterprise Journal Everyday

By The Linked Push
LOGAN, W.Va. (AP) — When a mine sector conflict a hundred years back sparked the premier armed uprising in the United States since the Civil War, The Connected Press was there, sending several bulletins each individual working day to update the nation’s newspapers on every single development.

Countless numbers of coal miners experienced marched to unionize, fed up with very poor wages and residing circumstances and angered by killings of their supporters. Defying martial regulation, they gathered weapons and ended up satisfied on Blair Mountain by forces mustered by the anti-union Logan County sheriff.

At least 16 adult men died in the 12-day struggle, which incorporated planes dropping bombs on the miners’ camps. They finally surrendered to federal troops despatched by President Warren G. Harding on Sept. 3, 1921.

A further dozen many years would move ahead of workers ended up assured the correct to collectively cut price in 1933 as element of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Offer. West Virginia coal miners then joined the United Mine Workers by the countless numbers.

As descendants of individuals miners march this Labor Working day weekend to bear in mind the sacrifices that enabled the working circumstances most Us residents now get pleasure from, the AP is retransmitting a variety of the bulletins that moved that pivotal day:


400 MINERS GIVE UP TO FEDERAL TROOPS Other people DISARMED
Combating Resumed with Device Gun Alongside Crooked Creek
Bombs Dropped by Airplanes in Mine War Do No Hurt
Belligerent Marchers Documented to Be Disposed to Go Residence


BULLETIN
WASHINGTON, D.C., Sept. 3 — A concept gained at the war department late these days from Brig. Gen. H.H. Bandholtz in West Virginia, explained:
“About 400 insurgents surrendered this afternoon at Sharples and Madison, turning in about eighty firearms. They were straight away despatched out of the disturbed place by educate.”

BULLETIN
CHARLESTON, W.Va., Sept. 3 — Federal troops operating out of Madison in the territory occupied by armed bands had their initial experience nowadays close to Sharples, when they satisfied and disarmed some of the gentlemen holding a locomotive on the Minor Coal river branch of the Chesapeake & Ohio.

BULLETIN
LOGAN, W.Va., Sept. 3 — Boyden R. Sparkes, correspondent of the New York Tribune, was shot in the head and leg while generating his way with other newspaper correspondents over the mountains from Blair to Logan today, according to Dr. H.D. Hatfield, former governor of West Virginia, who dressed his wounds. Dr. Hatfield reported the wounds were being not major. None of the others was wounded. Firing was resumed at midday from a Cripple Creek machine gun.

Kentucky Firing is Resumed
WILLIAMSON, W.Va., Sept. 3 — Firing from the Kentucky hills along Tug river into West Virginia mining villages was resumed today shortly right after the withdrawal of the guard which Maj. Tom Davis, Gov. Morgan’s individual representative in Mingo county, had managed in the course of the evening. No one was harm, Maj. Davis reported.
Firing throughout the Tug river just about attained the proportions of civil war earlier in the summer time and armed forces rule was proven, but there has been no disturbance for a number of months right up until nowadays.
With the withdrawal of the state police from Mingo county to re-enforce the “defense army” in Logan, Maj. Davis mustered into the point out service a firm of the new countrywide guard. These males have been reinforced by some 500 volunteers, who have been held in readiness here for probable eventualities in the coal-strike zone together Tug river.

Bombs Drop About Miners
MADISON, W.Va., Sept. 3 — Sub district President Blizzard of the United Mine Workers, who visited the firing line to advise the embattled miners federal troops experienced arrived, claims five airplanes sent up from Logan county dropped bombs produced of gaspipe and significant explosives about the miners’ land, but that no just one was wounded. A single of the bombs, he reports, fell in between two women who have been standing in a garden, but it failed to explode.

Armed Bands Re-Enforced
MADISON, W.Va., Sept. 3 — That the miners did not assume to give up the battle right until the federal troops ended up basically on the preventing floor was evidenced in this article early right now, when a string of flat vehicles alleged to have been commandeered by armed bands and carrying recruits and materials to the entrance preceded the 1st troop train up to Sharples.

Report W.Va. Bands Quitting
CHARLESTON, W.Va., Sept. 3 — With the arrival of all the United States troops purchased into the disturbed counties of the southwestern part of the point out at the positions selected by Brig. Gen. H.H. Bandholtz, in command of the federal soldiers, there have been stories now that there was a motion toward dwelling in development on the part of the belligerent miners’ partisans.

Pictured at top: A statue of a coal miner is demonstrated Thursday, Aug. 26, 2021, at the West Virginia Capitol in Charleston, W.Va. This weekend, marchers are retracing the ways of countless numbers of coal miners who participated in the Struggle of Blair Mountain in southern West Virginia. At minimum 16 adult men died in the major U.S. armed uprising since the Civil War ahead of the miners surrendered to federal troops in early September 1921. (AP Image/John Raby)


The AP Corporate Archives contributed to this report.

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